Polished Petrified Fossil Wood Fragment From Madagascar
C. approximately 220 million years – Triassic period
A petrified fossil wood fragment, polished to five faces.
Petrification of wood is the name given to a special type of fossilized remains of terrestrial vegetation. It is the process of permineralization which involves a tree having turned completely into stone. Petrification of wood invoices minerals (usually silica or calcium carbonate) being absorbed into the wood, replacing the all organic materials, while retaining the original structure of the wood. This process occurs when the wood is buried under sediment, and is preserved due to a lack of oxygen. The minerals in the water, flowing through the sediment are absorbed into the plant’s cells, so as the cellulose and lignin decompose, a stone mold is formed in its place.
A nice fragment with nice detail.
Size: D: 45mm x W: 128mm x H: 86mm approx